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You are here: Home » Latest Issue » Volume 17, 2022 - Number 1 » NEW GEOLOGICAL DATA ON ORLEA MINING FIELD, ROŞIA MONTANĂ AU-AG EPITHERMAL DEPOSIT, APUSENI MOUNTAINS, ROMANIA, Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, February 2022, Vol. 17, No. 1, p. 159 – 170; DOI:10.26471/cjees/2022/017/210


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Sergiu DRĂGUŞANU1, Călin G. TĂMAŞ1,2* & Béatrice CAUUET2
1Babeş-Bolyai University, 1 Kogălniceanu Street, 400804 Cluj Napoca, România
2Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Laboratoire «Travaux et Recherches Archéologiques sur les Cultures, les Espaces et les Sociétés», UMR 5608, Université de Toulouse - Jean Jaurès, Maison de la Recherche, 5 allées Antonio-Machado, 31 058 Toulouse Cedex 09, France
sergiu.dragusanu@ubbcluj.ro; calin.tamas@ubbcluj.ro; cauuetb@aol.com *Corresponding author


NEW GEOLOGICAL DATA ON ORLEA MINING FIELD, ROŞIA MONTANĂ AU-AG EPITHERMAL DEPOSIT, APUSENI MOUNTAINS, ROMANIA, Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, February 2022, Vol. 17, No. 1, p. 159 – 170; DOI:10.26471/cjees/2022/017/210

Full text

Abstract:

New geological data on the Orlea mining field, Roșia Montană ore deposit, Romania were obtained by fieldwork carried out in the underground level +730 m, where three types of mineralized structures hosted by the Vent Breccia formation were studied, i.e., (i) flatly dipping vein with rhodochrosite gangue, (ii) steeply dipping tectonic breccia dyke, and (iii) steeply dipping base metal vein, respectively. The Vent Breccia is a polymictic matrix-supported breccia with sedimentary (clay, sandstone), volcanic (dacite), and metamorphic (quartzite, garnet micaschist) clasts. Four types of hydrothermal alterations were identified, i.e., (i) K-metasomatosis (adularia I); (ii) phyllic alteration (sericite); (iii) silicification; and (iv) potassic alteration (adularia II). The ore mineral assemblage consists of electrum, pyrite, chalcopyrite, sphalerite, galena, and minor arsenopyrite and pyrrhotite. The higher-grade ore body is the intermediate-sulfidation flatly dipping vein with rhodochrosite gangue grading up to 101g/t Au. The tectonic breccia dyke is a low-sulfidation ore body illustrating the evolution from early banded vein structure to late/final open-space clast supported tectonic breccia dyke.



Keyword: tectonic breccia, intermediate-sulfidation, low-sulfidation, Roșia Montană


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