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You are here: Home » Online First » Volume 17, 2022 - Number 1 » SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION AND ECOLOGICAL RISK OF POTENTIALLY TOXIC ELEMENTS IN MAROS REGENCY, INDONESIA, Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, February 2022, Vol. 17, No. 1, p. 93 – 100; DOI:10.26471/cjees/2022/017/203


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Annisa Utami RAUF1*, Anwar MALLONGI1, Anwar DAUD1, Muhammad HATTA2, Ridwan AMIRUDDIN3, Stang STANG4, Atjo WAHYU5 & Ratna Dwi Puji ASTUTI1
1Environmental Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia, *corresponding author: annisautamirauf@gmail.com
2Marine Science Department, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia.
3Epidemiology Department, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia
4Biostatistic Department, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia.
5Occupational Health and Safety Department, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia.


SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION AND ECOLOGICAL RISK OF POTENTIALLY TOXIC ELEMENTS IN MAROS REGENCY, INDONESIA, Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, February 2022, Vol. 17, No. 1, p. 93 – 100; DOI:10.26471/cjees/2022/017/203

Full text

Abstract:

Air pollution is a major environmental problem in Indonesia. Potentially toxic elements (PTEs) which bounded to particulate matter (PM) samples were collected from Maros karst area, the second largest karst in the world. The seasonal levels of PTEs and ecological risk assessment were used to investigate the pollution levels near the residential areas using pollution load index (PLI) and potential ecological risk index (PERI). Spatial distributions of ecological risks based on the PTEs concentration have been explored with Empirical Bayesian Kriging method. The result indicated the mean concentration of PTEs (Cr, Pb, Cu, As and Zn) were significantly higher in dry season than wet season. Based on the PERI and PLI values, the PTEs accumulation are more severe near industrial activities and traffic roads. Hotspots of the PTEs were located in the East and Southeast area. The implications of this study could be used to optimize the management strategies in controlling the PTEs pollution and become a scientific reference for taking environmental protection policies.



Keyword: air pollution, ecological risk, Maros karst, pollution index, trace metals


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