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PHYTOREMEDIATION OF CADMIUM IN SOIL AND HYDROPONICS BY TRADESCANTIA FLUMINENSIS, Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, August 2019, Vol. 14, No. 2, p. 269 - 274; DOI:10.26471/cjees/2019/014/078


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Seydahmet CAY1,*, Mehmet Soner ENGIN2, Ahmet UYANIK3, Cigdem CAY4 & Serkan GUNEY5
1Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Giresun University, 28200 Güre, Giresun, Turkey.
2Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Giresun University, 28200 Güre, Giresun, Turkey.
3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Arts, OndokuzMay─▒s University, 55139 Kurupelit, Samsun, Turkey
4Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Arts, Giresun University, 28200 Güre, Giresun, Turkey.
5Chemistry and Chemical Processing Technologies, Ulubey Vocational School, Ordu University, 52000, Ulubey, Ordu, Turkey.
*Corresponding author:seydahmet.cay@giresun.edu.tr Tel/Fax: + 90 454 310 13 75


PHYTOREMEDIATION OF CADMIUM IN SOIL AND HYDROPONICS BY TRADESCANTIA FLUMINENSIS, Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, August 2019, Vol. 14, No. 2, p. 269 - 274; DOI:10.26471/cjees/2019/014/078


Full text

Abstract:

The purpose of this study is to examine the bioaccumulation of ecotoxic metal cadmium (Cd) from soil and waste water by Tradescantia Fluminensis as an ornamental plant. The plants grown in soil and hydroponic systems contaminated with Cd for this purpose (0-100 mg kg-1). In this study, Cd accumulation and distribution in the Tradescantia Fluminensis were also investigated. Cd accumulation was the maximum in the root, followed by than the stem and leaves in pots and hydroponics. Translocation Factor (TF) and The Bioconcentration Factor (BCF) values were also calculated to appraise the efficacy of the plants being removed. The plant could well tolerate up to 100 mg kg-1 of Cd concentration level. Although the plant cannot be categorized as a hyperaccumulator, the plant has been very effective in Cd translocation from root to sprouting, as is evident from the data obtained from the BCF and TF values.



Keyword: TradescantiaFluminensis, Waste water, Soil, Cadmium, Phytoremediation.


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