You are here: Home » Latest Issue » Volume 13, 2018 - Number 1 » SORPTION PROPERTIES OF Cd, Cu, Pb AND Zn IN SOILS WITH SMECTITIC CLAY MINERALOGY, Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, February 2018, Vol. 13, No. 1, p. 175 – 186; DOI:10.26471/cjees/2018/013/016
Péter SIPOS*, Réka BALÁZS, & Tibor NÉMETH
Institute for Geological and Geochemical Research, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H1112 Budapest, Budaörsi út 45., Hungary *Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
SORPTION PROPERTIES OF Cd, Cu, Pb AND Zn IN SOILS WITH SMECTITIC CLAY MINERALOGY, Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, February 2018, Vol. 13, No. 1, p. 175 – 186; DOI:10.26471/cjees/2018/013/016
Evaluation of the effect of soil properties on metals’ sorption in soils is a highly complicated task due to the large heterogeneity of factors affecting this process. To lower this heterogeneity, Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn sorption properties of three acidic and three alkaline smectitic soils were studied in single element and competitive batch sorption experiments, and the sorption capacities of the soils were related to their major properties. Higher sorption of Pb and Cu than Cd and Zn was found also in smectitic soils, and this difference was increased by competition. In acidic soils, organic matter and smectites provides the sorption sites for Pb and Cu primarily, whereas precipitation of Pb as carbonate and sorption of Cu on soil organic matter is characteristic at alkaline conditions. Contrarily, Cd and Zn showed the highest affinity to smectites primarily if they are accumulated together with iron-oxyhydroxides. Processes affecting the shape of the sorption cure may result to misleading sorption capacity values, so an additional parameter describing the sorption of a given metal directly should be involved in the data evaluation. Cadmium and Zn may pose a higher risk to the environment than Pb and Cu in case of their release to the soil. However, accumulation of smectites together with iron may significantly decrease this risk. Elimination of one single variable was not enough to get a much deeper insight into soil-metal interaction, although several advantageous characteristics of smectites could be confirmed regarding metal sorption in soils.
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