You are here: Home » Latest Issue » Volume 16, 2021 - Number 2 » MONITORING OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION BY HEAVY METAL THROUGH THE ROMAN SNAIL (HELIX POMATIA) IN MITROVICA – KOSOVO, Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, August 2021, Vol. 16, No. 2, p. 463 – 468; DOI:10.26471/cjees/2021/016/191
Leonora ÇARKAJ1, Qerim SELIMI2, Murtezan ISMAILI3 & Albana PLAKIQI MILAIMI4*
1Faculty of Contemporary Sciences and Technologies. South-East European University, Tetovo North Macedonia, Tetovo, Ilindenska no.335, 1200 Tetovo; firstname.lastname@example.org
2Faculty of Education, University of Mitrovica “Isa Boletini”, 40000 Mitrovica, Republic of Kosovo; email@example.com
3Faculty of Contemporary Sciences and Technologies. South-East European University, Tetovo North Macedonia, Tetovo, Ilindenska no.335, 1200 Tetovo; firstname.lastname@example.org
4*Department of Forests and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University “Ukshin Hoti” in Prizren, St. Rruga e shkronjave, no.1, 10000 Prizren, Republic of Kosovo;
Corresponding author: email@example.com;Tel: +383 44 187 368
MONITORING OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION BY HEAVY METAL THROUGH THE ROMAN SNAIL (HELIX POMATIA) IN MITROVICA – KOSOVO, Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, August 2021, Vol. 16, No. 2, p. 463 – 468; DOI:10.26471/cjees/2021/016/191
The toxic metals biomonitoring of the environment around the metallurgical complex of "Trepça" in Mitrovica, Kosovo were realised. Our investigation has taken place in Mitrovica (area with heavy metal pollution) and Vernica; Vushtrri (control group), 25 km far from the contaminated area. For this purpose, we have analyzed 22 samples of Roman snails (Helix pomatia) in each area to determine the amount of total proteins (TP) in the hemolymph and hepatopancreas; heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cu, Zn) concentration and the activity of delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase enzyme (ALAD) in hepatopancreas. Our results show a significantly lower amount of total proteins in the Mitrovica (Mitrovica:16.16±2.419; Vernica:17.9±9.22; P< 0.013). The concentration of metals (Mitrovica: Pb=37.6 ± 2.1, Cd=605.2 ± 308, Zn=51.7 ± 27.8 and Cu=8.5 ± 6.3; Vernica: Pb = 3.7 ± 3.8, Cd=49.22 ± 25.7, Zn=3.9 ± 2.8 and Cu=7.3 ± 6.8) were significantly higher (P < 0.001). We found out the significantly positive correlation between all metals in the study: Pb/Cd (r=0.572; P<0.005); Pb/Cu (r=0.758; P<0.001); Pb/Zn (r=0.857; P<0.001); Cd/Cu (r=0.693; P<0.001); Cd/Zn (r=1.00; P<0.001); Cu/Zn (r=0.685; P<0.001). The activity of ALAD was significantly inhibited (Mitrovica=3.25 ± 1.25; Vernica=6.4 ± 2.3; P<0.001) and the correlation between ALAD and Pb was significantly negative (r=-0.472; P=0.026). The polluted environment with heavy metals in Mitrovica (mostly with the Pb and Cd) harms the biochemistry of Roman snail. This animal species may be used as a good animal model to monitor environmental pollution with heavy metals.
Keyword: Total proteins, hemolymph, hepatopancreas, delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase, heavy metal.
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