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You are here: Home » Latest Issue » Volume 13, 2018 - Number 2 » ASSESSMENT OF CHEMICAL ELEMENTS IN SOIL, GRAPES AND WINE FROM TWO REPRESENTATIVE VINEYARDS IN ROMANIA, Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, August 2018, Vol. 13, No. 2, p. 435 - 446; DOI:10.26471/cjees/2018/013/037


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Ramona BĂLC1,2, Tudor TĂMAȘ3*, Gabriela POPIȚĂ4, Gabriela VASILE5, Maria Cristina BRATU6, Delia Maria GLIGOR4* & Cristian MOLDOVAN3
1Department of Environmental Science, Babeș-Bolyai University, 30 Fântânele Street, 400294 Cluj-Napoca, Romania: ramona.balc@ubbcluj.ro
2Interdisciplinary Research Institute on Bio-Nano Sciences, Babeș-Bolyai University, 42 Treboniu Laurian Street, 400271 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
*3Department of Geology, Babeș-Bolyai University, 1 Mihail Kogălniceanu Street, 400084 Cluj-Napoca, Romania: tudor.tamas@ubbcluj.ro; tel. 0040264-431858, fax. 0040264 - 431858
4Department of Environmental Analysis and Engineering, Babeș-Bolyai University, 30 Fântânele Street, 400294 Cluj-Napoca, Romania: gabi.popita@yahoo.com; delia.gligor@ubbcluj.ro
5National Research and Development Institute for Industrial Ecology, 71-73 Drumul Podu Dâmboviței Street, 060652 Bucharest, Romania: gabriela.vasile@incdecoind.ro
6Medicine Preventive Center, Chemistry and Toxicology Laboratory, 88 M. Vulcănescu Street, 010825 Bucharest, Romania: cristinabratu2004@yahoo.com


ASSESSMENT OF CHEMICAL ELEMENTS IN SOIL, GRAPES AND WINE FROM TWO REPRESENTATIVE VINEYARDS IN ROMANIA, Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, August 2018, Vol. 13, No. 2, p. 435 - 446; DOI:10.26471/cjees/2018/013/037

Full text

Abstract:

Inorganic compounds from soil, grapes and wine have been measured in two Romanian vineyards (Ștefănești and Pietroasele vineyards). The analyses were carried out on macro- and microelements (Ca, K, Mg, As, Fe, Mn, Ni, Zn, Cd, Cr, Cu, Co, As, Se). In addition, the physical properties of the soil and the mineralogical content have been studied. The dominant elements in the soils, exceeding maximum limits allowed, are Cu, Ni, Zn, Pb and As. Calcium registered high values especially at Pietroasele vineyard, while magnesium and potassium at Ștefănești vineyard. The enrichment factor is high for Cd (12.95) and for As and Cu (> 6). Based on the geoaccumulation index, the analyzed soil is considered uncontaminated to moderately contaminated for most of the elements. The concentrations of K, Ca, Mg and Zn are higher in the white grapes than in the black grapes. Higher values of Zn, Pb and Fe have been identified in the red wine (Cabernet Sauvignon) than in the white wine (Riesling). The mobility ratio values are low for most of the analyzed elements except for K and Zn. The sources of the analyzed inorganic compounds are both natural and anthropogenic.



Keyword: enrichment factor - inorganic compounds – mineralogy - mobility ratio – Romania - vineyards


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