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You are here: Home » Online First » Volume 13, 2018 - Number 2 » ASSESSMENT OF SEDIMENT POLLUTION USING CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL TRAIT APPROACH, Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, August 2018, Vol. 13, No. 2, p. 359 - 368; DOI:10.26471/cjees/2018/013/031


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Natasa VARGA1, Dejan KRCMAR1, Bozo DALMACIJA1, Sonja GVOZDENAC2, Jelena TRICKOVIĆ1, Srdjan RONCEVIC1 & Miljana PRICA3*
1University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Environmental Protection, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia, natasa.varga@dh.uns.ac.rs;
2Institute of field and vegetable crops, Maksima Gorkog 30, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia, sonja.gvozdenac@nsseme.com
3University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 6, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia, miljana@uns.ac.rs, *Corresponding author


ASSESSMENT OF SEDIMENT POLLUTION USING CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL TRAIT APPROACH, Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, August 2018, Vol. 13, No. 2, p. 359 - 368; DOI:10.26471/cjees/2018/013/031

Full text

Abstract:

The chemical and biological trait approach have been applied to sediment pollution assessment of the Veliki Bački canal (Serbia) –VBC. For this assessment, pseudo-total metal contents, pollution load index (PLI), contamination factor (CF), enrichment factor (EF), sequential extraction procedure (SEP), pore water metal concentrations, geoaccumulation factor (Igeo), sediment quality guidelines (SQGs) and risk assessment code (RAC) have been used. Furthermore, the phytotoxic effects of the contaminated sediment have been assessed according to the physiological and morphological trait changes of the test plant species (maize, white mustard, barley and cucumber) in a bioassay. The chemical analysis has shown that an assessed sediment from VBC is extremely polluted with Cd, Zn, Ni whereas pore water is polluted with Cu, Zn, Ni. The results which have been acquired in plant bioassays indicate the different sensitivity of the plants. While pore water from the contaminated sediment had no effect on maize traits, it considerably inhibited the physiological and morphological traits of barley, cucumber and white mustard. These species are potentially good indicators of impaired sediment quality.



Keyword: metals; sediment; pollution; contamination criteria; phytotoxic effects; test plants


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