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You are here: Home » Past Issues » Volume 8, 2013 - Number 1 » INTEGRATED MINERALOGICAL AND MAGNETIC STUDY OF MAGNETIC AIRBORNE PARTICLES FROM POTENTIAL POLLUTION SOURCES IN INDUSTRIAL-URBAN ENVIRONMENT


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Norbert ZAJZON1, Emő MÁRTON2, Péter SIPOS3, Ferenc KRISTÁLY1, Tibor NÉMETH3,
Viktória KIS-KOVÁCS4 & Tamás G. WEISZBURG5

1University of Miskolc, Institute of Mineralogy and Geology, Egyetemváros, Miskolc, H-3515, Hungary,
email: nzajzon@uni-miskolc.hu, askkf@uni-miskolc.hu;
2 Geological and Geophysical Institute of Hungary, Palaeomagnetic Laboratory, Columbus utca 17–23,
Budapest H-1145, Hungary, email: paleo@elgi.hu;
3 Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Geological and Geochemical Research, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Hungary, Budaörsi út 45, Budapest, H-1112, email: sipos@geochem.hu, ntibi@geochem.hu;
4 Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Research Institute of Technical Physics and Materials Sciences, Hungary, Konkoly-Thege Miklós út 29–33, Budapest, H-1121, email: kis@mfa.kfki.hu;
5 Eötvös Loránd University, Department of Mineralogy, Pázmány P. sétány 1/C, Budapest, H-1117, Hungary,
email: weiszburg@ludens.elte.hu

INTEGRATED MINERALOGICAL AND MAGNETIC STUDY OF MAGNETIC AIRBORNE PARTICLES FROM POTENTIAL POLLUTION SOURCES IN INDUSTRIAL-URBAN ENVIRONMENT

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Abstract: Steel works, combustion of fossil fuel, and vehicles are the most important sources of magnetic

particulate matter in the industrial-urban environment. These particles are easily detectable by magnetic measurements on the field. In this paper we present a multidisciplinary mineralogical and magnetic study on some samples directly or closely associated with their pollution sources. Detailed mineralogical investigations (XRD, SEM-EDX, WDX, ATEM) and special magnetic measurements (mass susceptibility, Curie-point, decay rate of the isothermal remanent magnetization in time, frequency dependence of the magnetic susceptibility) were carried out on representative samples. Magnetite was identified as the most important inorganic pollutant using magnetic and mineralogical methods. We found that it had no distinct chemical composition or morphological difference for the different sources, but the extremely small grains are primarily characteristic of traffic. The grain size of magnetite spherules showed decrease among the different sources with the following order: steel factories, combustion plants, traffic. The presence of magnetite as pollutant in the environment can be monitored more easily and costeffectively by magnetic than mineralogical methods. Nevertheless, the magnetic methods should be combined with detailed mineralogical investigations on representative samples selected by their magnetic properties, in order to obtain full information about the pollutants, including non-magnetic constituents.  Additionally, the role of different pollution sources have to be estimated by the complex analyses of the different grain sizes of the dust collected regularly for a long time.


Keyword:
air pollution; total and mass susceptibility; magnetite spherules; different pollution sources;mineralogy of airborne particles


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