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You are here: Home » Past Issues » Volume 8, 2013 - Number 1 » ASSESSMENT THE SOIL PROPERTIES AFFECTING SALINITY AND SODICITY OF BAFRA PLAIN USING MULTIVARIATE STATISTICAL TECHNIGUES


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Hakan ARSLAN1, Hikmet GÜNAL2, Mustafa GÜLER3, Bilal CEMEK1 & Nurullah ACİR2
1University of 19 May, Faculty of Agriculture, Agricultural Structures and Irrigation Department, Samsun, Turkey;
e-mail: hakan.arslan@omu.edu.tr
2Gaziosmanpasa University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Tokat, Turkey
e-mail: hikmet.gunal@gop.edu.tr
3Middle Blacksea Development Agency, Samsun, Turkey, e-mail: mguler55@hotmail.com

ASSESSMENT THE SOIL PROPERTIES AFFECTING SALINITY AND SODICITY OF BAFRA PLAIN USING MULTIVARIATE STATISTICAL TECHNIGUES


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Abstract:

Multivariate statistical techniques are useful for characterizing and estimating dynamic soil properties. Multivariate statistical techniques of cluster analysis (CA) and factor analysis (FA)/principal component analysis (PCA) were employed to comprehend the complex relationships between salinity, sodicity and some soil properties in irrigated part of Bafra Plain, Turkey. Seventy eight soil samples were randomly collected from 0–30 and 30–60 cm depths on September 2008. Cluster analysis grouped the sampling sites into three clusters based on similarity of soil properties. FA suggested a four-factor model that explained over 80.32% of the total variations in soil properties of 0-30 cm depth, with factor 1 comprising exchangeable sodium percentage (ESP), Na and EC; factor 2 comprising Mg, cation exchange capacity (CEC) and clay content; factor 3 comprising pH; and factor 4 comprising exchangeable Ca and Mg contents. FA suggested a three-factor model that explained 70% of the total variations in soil properties of 30-60 cm depths, with factor 1 comprising ESP, Na, pH and EC; factor 2 comprising CEC, clay and Mg concentrations; and factor 3 comprising Ca and K concentrations. The results demonstrated that cluster and principle component analyses are both useful in monitoring the soil degradation and help decision makers to take necessary precautions in advance.


Keyword: Cluster analysis, principle component analysis, Soil, Salinity, Sodicity


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